Plagiarism Policy

General Information

Law and World strictly adheres to the principles of academic integrity and intellectual property.

Any form of plagiarism is considered unethical and unacceptable.

Author is required to ensure that the sources used in his/her article are appropriately and accurately cited.

Plagiarism is:

Copying any part of another author’s work, idea, formula, etc., word for word and presenting it as one’s own (Direct Plagiarism).

Compiling phrases from multiple authors, where the author is cited, it is difficult to distinguish the original opinion of the article’s author from inserted quotations (Mosaic Plagiarism).

Replacing the words used in another author’s work with synonyms without changing the main structure and content of the text, changing the order of words in a sentence, or conveying a specific section of the text in one’s own words (Paraphrased Plagiarism).

Omitting or confusing essential information when citing authors or sources, possibly due to carelessness (Negligent Plagiarism).

Concealing assistance received from another person used in the work and presenting the group project as one’s work.

Purchasing a work or a part of it from another person and presenting it as one’s own.

Representing one’s previous work (Self-Plagiarism).

Appropriating ideas, thoughts, and theses expressed verbally by others (that have not been published anywhere, e.g., lecture, report, seminar, symposium, training, discussion meeting).

Falsifying data, information, or quotations in the work is also prohibited (Falsification).

If the author uses tables, diagrams, processed statistics, or texts that have already been published elsewhere, he/she is obliged to obtain permission from the copyright holder of that material. This information should be indicated in the footnote of the article.

Mechanisms for Plagiarisms Detection

After checking its consistency with technical parameters, the submitted article undergoes a plagiarism check (content uniqueness) using the software - Turnitin.

A report is prepared based on Turnitin, providing details on documents that share similarities with the article in question.

Considering that Turnitin only checks information available on the internet, it does not fully ensure finding other forms of plagiarism, such as paraphrased plagiarism. Therefore, after checking it in Turnitin, a double-blind review of a scholarly work is conducted in accordance with the rules established by Law and World.

In addition to checking the article's scientific quality, a reviewer observes if there is any resemblance, in any form, with published works of other scholars on the same topic.

Appropriate Sanctions

If plagiarism is detected in any form, the editorial board reviews the case in accordance with the Code of Ethics of Law and World.