Otar Gogolishvili


In the customary law of southwestern Georgia, first of all, the criminal law draws attention, which contains very riveting traditions. Firstly, criminal law reflected customs and folk forms of punishment related to vengeance, particularly the reconciliation of enemies. In the second half of the 19th century, the common Georgian customary law operating in Samtskhe and Adjara preserved several signs of customary norms in the sphere of hostility. The functioning of customary law, in turn, was determined by the existence of this type of communal category – the avenge rule and composition system. Because the legal norms of the avenge and composition system corresponded to the customs, thus it contained the noteworthy aspects of the old social relationship.