Abstract: Youth crime problem exists not only in our country, it is global. Various crimes arise in the society depending on what is the cause and the development of the circumstances. Crime can be an act of various types and committed by variety of individuals or groups of individuals. The most important of these are the crimes committed by juveniles. The article “Juvenile Justice Code – law on punishment or upbringing?!” discusses the Juvenile Justice Code, which is in force in Georgia from January 2016 and established with all the best standards in the field of Juvenile Justice that includes international legal acts. In present time, the most important goal is not to punish the juvenile for committing a crime, but rather encourage the juvenile rehabilitation and reintegration. The article deals with penalties, which the Code introduced and their impact on the reduction of juvenile crime.