Abstract: The existence and the development of mediation, does not mean, that this institute is universal. From the multiple types of disputes, every can not be resolved by mediation. But the evaluation of the the practice, shows, that solving the labor disputes by mediation is approved. And this type of disputes are the ones, where the possibility of the success of the process increases. Considering this, in the article the issue of submission the labor disputes to the mandatory court mediation is discussed; The specifi c nature of the administration of the non-court annexed mediation the has been defi ned; The necessity of regulating the ethical issues connected with mediation, has been discussed; It has been explained, how the principles of the institute work, during the mediation of labor disputes. Considering the necessity to make the changes in the legislation, the concrete alternatives been suggested. Each suggested regulation will help in the process of the perfection of the legislation and the development of the institute.